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26 Oct

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

The centre has agreed to fund 25% of the Rs. 15,325 crore irrigation projects planned for Maharashtra under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY).

  • This decision is significant for two reasons:
    • Only 18% of Maharashtra’s complete cultivable land is irrigated whereas the national average is over 35%.
    • The irrigation projects are being undertaken in 14 suicide-hit and 8 drought-prone areas in Maharashtra and therefore would help reduce the distress among the farmers.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yoiana 

  • PMKSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (Core Scheme) launched in 2015. Centre- States will be 75:25 per cent. In the case of the north-eastern region and hilly states, it will be 90:10.
  • Its objectives are:
    • Convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
    • To expand the cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani),
    • To improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
    • To enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop),
    • To enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in a precision irrigation system.

Peri-urban agriculture

  Peri-urban agriculture refers to farm units close to town which operate intensive semi- or fully commercial farms to grow vegetables and other horticulture, raise chickens and other livestock, and produce milk and eggs.

To ensure a comprehensive and holistic view of the entire “water cycle” and proper water budgeting is done for all sectors namely, household, agriculture and industries.

  • It is formulated by amalgamating ongoing schemes:
    • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) -Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.
    • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) – Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development.
    • On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) – Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
  • Implementation – Decentralised implementation through State Irrigation Plan and District Irrigation Plan.

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