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26 Nov

Problems related to the Implementation of Law

Problems related to the Implementation of Law
In India, various progressive laws have been passed and significant amendments within have been introduced to the existing laws for women’s emancipation. However, the existing values and norms of the society many of the progressive laws have not got the scope of full expression. Various reports point out that certain “pending provisions in the law are definitely influenced by the established patriarchal system, the dominant position of the husband and the social and economic background of women”.
Women and Law
To uphold the Constitutional mandate, the State has enacted various legislative measures intended to ensure equal rights, to counter social discrimination and various forms of violence and atrocities and to provide support services especially to working women. Although women may be victims of any of the crimes such as ‘Murder’, ‘Robbery’, ‘Cheating’ etc, the crimes, which are directed specifically against women, are characterized as ‘Crime against Women’. These are broadly classified under two categories.
The Crimes Identified Under the Indian Penal Code (IPC)
Kidnapping & Abduction for different purposes (Sec. 363-373)
Homicide for Dowry, Dowry Deaths or their attempts (Sec. 302/304-B IPC)
Torture, both mental and physical (Sec. 498-A IPC)
Rape (Sec. 376 IPC)
Importation of girls (up to 21 years of age)
Molestation (Sec. 354 IPC)

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