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14 Dec

Indus Valley Sites

Indus Valley Sites
Harappa is the first discovered site of this civilization excavated in 1921 by a team led by Daya Ram Sahni It was a major urban centre during its mature phase surrounded by extensive walls It is located in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on an old bank / bed of the River Ravi Its location along old course of Ravi provided access to trade networks, aquatic food and water for drinking and cultivation Due to this, Harappa remained occupied for a long time Further, Harappa was also a meeting point of trade routes coming from east
Archaeologists have divided Harappa in five different phases of which oldest is Ravi aspect / Hakra (3300-2800BC), followed by Kot Dijian or Early Harappa (2800-2600BC) followed by Mature (2600-1900BC), Transitional (1900-1800BC) and Late Harappa (1800-1300BC) phases
Important Findings of Harappa
The important material findings at Harappa include pottery, chert blades, copper or bronze implements, terracotta figurines, seals and sealing, weights, etc This apart, the two rows of granaries with brick platforms, a citadel on elevated platform, a supposed workmen’s quarter, vanity case, furnaces, crucibles for bronze smelting etc have also been found Harappa also is theonly site which yields the evidence of coffin burial A copper bullock cart is another notable finding

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