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26 Nov

Forms of women’s participation in movements:

Forms of women’s participation in movements:
For social, economic and political rights of specific categories of people like tribals, peasants and industrial workers, women,
In renewal social movements on issues affecting men and children like abortions, adoption of children, sexual exploitation, etc.
It could be said that Indian women’s movements worked for two goals:
For improvements in conditions of work and autonomy to
For equal remuneration for work, Equal right for men and women, i.e., extension of civil right enjoyed by men in the political, economic and familial spheres to women also.
Liberation or uplift of women, i.e., reforming social practices so as to enable women to play more important and constructive role in society and
Former is called as ‘corporate feminism’ and the latter as ‘liberal feminism’. The strategies used by women’s bodies were: making demands by organizing public meetings, presenting views to government officials, forming committees to investigate conditions and holding conferences to mobilize women.
It is important to note that in course of the autonomous women’s movements in India, a serious debate cropped up about the idea of feminism. Feminism is a complex set of political ideologies used by the women’s movement to advance the cause of women’s equality.
Feminism is also defined as a variety of inter-related frameworks used to observe and analyze the ways in which the social reality of gender inequality is constructed and enforced. Given this perspective of feminism, some activists questioned the applicability of the western notion of feminism to the Indian reality.
They argued that the nature of male dominance in India is different from that in western society. Therefore, the demands and resistance of women against males are also different

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