India is the second most populous country in the world after china, with a total population of 121 crores according to the Census of 2011. The growth rate of India’s population has not always been very high.
Out of every 100 persons in the world 15 are Indians, that is, every seventh person is an Indian. A total of 17.5 per cent of the world’s population lives in India, inhabiting only 2.4 per cent of the total land area of the world. The growth of India’s population has been phenomenal compared to that of other countries and particularly in relation to the growth of necessary resources and infrastructure required to meet the pressure of the growing population.
In between 1921-1951 the average annual growth rate did not exceed 1.33%, a modest rate of growth
Since then although the annual growth rate has decreased it remains one of the highest in the developing world the comparative movement of the crude birth and of 1921 to 1931. death rates. The impact of demographic transition phase is found in the decade of 1921 – 1931
The growth rate of population substantially increased a going up to 2.2% during 1961-1981