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08 Dec

Constitutional Safeguard for Minorities

Constitutional Safeguard for Minorities
The founding fathers of the Constitution were aware of the problems of the minorities and ensured constitutional safeguards for their protection. According to the Constitution everyone has the fundamental right to enter public places including places of worship and drink water from anywhere. However if anybody violates this law he will be punished.
After the Emergency in 1975 – 76, the fundamental rights of minorities have become much more powerful.
1) Article 25 provides freedom for minorities for indulging in any profession, subject, public places and they are entitled for practicing and propagating any religion.
2) Article 26 provides freedom to manage religious affairs subjected to public and order. Every religious organization has got rights to establish institutions for religious charitable purposes and to manage its own affairs in the matter of religion.
a) Article 27 says that no person should be compelled to pay any taxes for promotion of any particular religion. Instead these expenses should be used for maintaining religious institutions.
b) Article 28 deals with religious institutions. The idea is that educational institutions should not compel students to receive religious instructions
c) Article 29 protects the interest of minorities. It gives a chance to every minority to use their own language, script or culture in order to preserve the same. No citizens can be denied admission to any institution maintained by the state or receive state funds only on grounds of helping religions race, caste, language etc
d) Article 30 gives right to minorities to establish educational institution for e.g. Equality before law is a fundamental right to move freely throughout India to reside and settle in any part of India. These fundamental rights have not been placed in group of minorities’ rights.
.Actually they are not meant only for minorities but they are meant only for minorities but they are meant for all. This is evident because a citizen speaking Marathi and residing in Maharashtra is in the majority but if he settles in Bengal he belongs to a minority. Hence wherever possible the constitution avoids using the term minority and uses the phrase citizen of India.

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